I have been using the cut command a lot recently to shed extra data from large text files. I typically use cut with a specific delimiter by activating the -d switch and I thought that the -d switch was required. It turns out that -d is not required and by default -d actually defaults to the delimiter being a tab. When you need to have a tab as the delimiter for cut you simply don’t specify the -d switch. Below I show a couple examples of a file trimmed down using cut with and without the -d switch as well as another way to convert tabs in a file to spaces which then will allow you to use the Linux cut command with the -d” ” switch.
If you are putting together a script that uses wget to post data to various URL’s it is likely that you do not want wget to save the response back from the server in files. You can easily get around this by specifying the output file that wget save to with the -O switch. Below is an example of what would happen when the -O switch is not used followed by an example of using wget with the -O switch outputting the results to /dev/null.
It can be useful on a Linux server to sort all of the files in a directory by date. Sometimes you may want to backup files older than a certain date or you may just want to see what is in a directory and what date those files were created. Use the information below to list all of the files in a directory sorted by date.
Counting files in Linux is fairly easy by simply listing the files using ls and then using the wc application. Both the ls application and the wc application are core Linux applications and should be installed by default on your server. One thing that I had forgotten how to do was how to count all files in a specific directory as well as all files in each sub directories. The second method I will display below is not 100% accurate because it will count sub directories twice however it is likely you just need a round about method to get an idea of how many files and sub directories you are working with. Below I describe first how to count all files and directories within a single directory and second how to count all the files, sub directories, and files within the sub directories via a Linux shell or command prompt.