NTFSRESIZE(8)                                                    NTFSRESIZE(8)

NAME
       ntfsresize – resize an NTFS filesystem without data loss

SYNOPSIS
       ntfsresize [OPTIONS] –info DEVICE
       ntfsresize [OPTIONS] [–size SIZE[k|M|G]] DEVICE

DESCRIPTION
       The  ntfsresize  program safely resizes Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000, Windows NT4 and Longhorn
       NTFS filesystems without data loss. All NTFS versions  are  supported,  used  by  32-bit  and  64-bit  Windows.
       Defragmentation  is NOT required prior to resizing because the program can relocate any data if needed, without
       risking data integrity.

       Ntfsresize can be used to shrink or enlarge any NTFS filesystem located on an unmounted DEVICE (usually a  disk
       partition). The new filesystem will have SIZE bytes.  The SIZE parameter may have one of the optional modifiers
       k, M, G, which means the SIZE parameter is given in kilo-, mega- or gigabytes  respectively.   Ntfsresize  con-
       forms to the SI, ATA, IEEE standards and the disk manufacturers by using k=10^3, M=10^6 and G=10^9.

       If  both –info and –size are omitted then the NTFS filesystem will be enlarged to the underlying DEVICE size.

       To resize a filesystem on a partition, you must resize BOTH the filesystem and the  partition  by  editing  the
       partition table on the disk. Similarly to other command line filesystem resizers, ntfsresize doesn’t manipulate
       the size of the partitions, hence to do that you must use  a  disk  partitioning  tool  as  well,  for  example
       fdisk(8).   Alternatively  you could use one of the many user friendly partitioners that uses ntfsresize inter-
       nally,  like  Mandriva’s  DiskDrake,  QTParted,  SUSE/Novell’s  YaST  Partitioner,  IBM’s  EVMS,   GParted   or
       Debian/Ubuntu’s Partman.

       IMPORTANT!  It’s a good practice making REGULAR BACKUPS of your valuable data, especially before using ANY par-
       titioning tools. To do so for NTFS, you could use ntfsclone(8).  Don’t forget to save the  partition  table  as
       well!

   Shrinkage
       If  you  wish  to shrink an NTFS partition, first use ntfsresize to shrink the size of the filesystem. Then you
       could use fdisk(8) to shrink the size of the partition by deleting the partition and  recreating  it  with  the
       smaller size.  Do not make the partition smaller than the new size of NTFS otherwise you won’t be able to boot.
       If you did so notwithstanding then just recreate the partition to be as large as NTFS.

   Enlargement
       To enlarge an NTFS filesystem, first you must enlarge the size of the underlying partition. This  can  be  done
       using  fdisk(8)  by deleting the partition and recreating it with a larger size.  Make sure it will not overlap
       with an other existing partition.  Then  you may use ntfsresize to enlarge the size of the filesystem.

   Partitioning
       When recreating the partition by a disk partitioning tool, make sure you create it at the same starting  sector
       and with the same partition type as before.  Otherwise you won’t be able to access your filesystem. Use the ’u’
       fdisk command to switch to the reliable sector unit from the default cylinder one.

       Also make sure you set the bootable flag for the partition if it existed before. Failing to do so you might not
       be able to boot your computer from the disk.

OPTIONS
       Below  is  a summary of all the options that ntfsresize accepts.  Nearly all options have two equivalent names.
       The short name is preceded by – and the long name is preceded by –.  Any single  letter  options,  that  don’t
       take  an argument, can be combined into a single command, e.g.  -fv is equivalent to -f -v.  Long named options
       can be abbreviated to any unique prefix of their name.

       -i, –info
              By using this option ntfsresize will determine the theoretically smallest shrunken filesystem size  sup-
              ported.  Most of the time the result is the space already used on the filesystem. Ntfsresize will refuse
              shrinking to a smaller size than what you got by this option and depending on several factors  it  might
              be  unable  to shrink very close to this theoretical size. Although the integrity of your data should be
              never in risk, it’s still strongly recommended to make a test run by using the –no-action option before
              real resizing.

              Practically  the  smallest  shrunken size generally is at around “used space” + (20-200 MB). Please also
              take into account that Windows might need about 50-100 MB free space left to boot safely.

              This option never causes any changes to the filesystem, the partition is opened read-only.

       -s, –size SIZE[k|M|G]
              Resize filesystem to SIZE[k|M|G] bytes.  The optional modifiers k, M, G mean the SIZE parameter is given
              in kilo-, mega- or gigabytes respectively.  Conforming to standards, k=10^3, M=10^6 and G=10^9. Use this
              option with –no-action first.

       -f, –force
              Forces ntfsresize to proceed with the resize operation even if the filesystem is marked for  consistency
              check.

              Please note, ntfsresize always marks the filesystem for consistency check before a real resize operation
              and it leaves that way for extra safety. Thus if NTFS was marked by ntfsresize then  it’s  safe  to  use
              this  option.  If  you  need  to resize several times without booting into Windows between each resizing
              steps then you must use this option.

       -n, –no-action
              Use this option to make a test run before doing the  real  resize  operation.   Volume  will  be  opened
              read-only  and  ntfsresize displays what it would do if it were to resize the filesystem.  Continue with
              the real resizing only if the test run passed.

       -b, –bad-sectors
              Support disks having hardware errors, bad sectors with those ntfsresize would refuse to work by default.

              Prior  using  this option, it’s strongly recommended to make a backup by ntfsclone(8) using the –rescue
              option, then running ’chkdsk /f /r volume:’ on Windows from the command line. If the disk  guarantee  is
              still valid then replace it.  It’s defected. Please also note, that no software can repair these type of
              hardware errors. The most what they can do is to work around the permanent defects.

              This option doesn’t have any effect if the disk is flawless.

       -P, –no-progress-bar
              Don’t show progress bars.

       -v, –verbose
              More output.

       -V, –version
              Print the version number of ntfsresize and exit.

       -h, –help
              Display help and exit.

EXIT CODES
       The exit code is 0 on success, non-zero otherwise.

KNOWN ISSUES
       No reliability problem is known. If you need help please try the Ntfsresize FAQ first (see below)  and  if  you
       don’t find your answer then send your question, comment or bug report to the development team:
       linux-ntfs-dev@lists.sourceforge.net

       There  are a few very rarely met restrictions at present: filesystems having unknown bad sectors, relocation of
       the first MFT extent and resizing into the middle of a $MFTMirr extent aren’t supported yet.  These  cases  are
       detected and resizing is restricted to a safe size or the closest safe size is displayed.

       Ntfsresize  schedules  an NTFS consistency check and after the first boot into Windows you must see chkdsk run-
       ning on a blue background. This is intentional and no need to worry about it.  Windows may force a quick reboot
       after  the consistency check.  Moreover after repartitioning your disk and depending on the hardware configura-
       tion, the Windows message System Settings Change may also appear. Just acknowledge it and reboot again.

       The disk geometry handling semantic (HDIO_GETGEO ioctl) has changed in an incompatible way in Linux 2.6 kernels
       and  this  triggered multitudinous partition table corruptions resulting in unbootable Windows systems, even if
       NTFS was consistent, if parted(8) was involved in some way. This problem was often attributed to ntfsresize but
       in  fact  it’s  completely independent of NTFS thus ntfsresize. Moreover ntfsresize never touches the partition
       table at all. By changing the ’Disk Access Mode’ to LBA in the BIOS makes booting work again, most of the time.
       You  can find more information about this issue in the Troubleshooting section of the below referred Ntfsresize
       FAQ.

AUTHORS
       ntfsresize was written by Szabolcs Szakacsits, with contributions from Anton Altaparmakov and Richard Russon.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
       Many thanks to Anton Altaparmakov and Richard Russon for libntfs, the excellent documentation and comments,  to
       Gergely  Madarasz,  Dewey M. Sasser and Miguel Lastra and his colleagues at the University of Granada for their
       continuous and highly valuable help, furthermore to Erik Meade, Martin Fick, Sandro Hawke, Dave  Croal,  Lorrin
       Nelson, Geert Hendrickx, Robert Bjorkman and Richard Burdick for beta testing the relocation support, to Flori-
       an Eyben, Fritz Oppliger, Richard Ebling, Sid-Ahmed Touati, Jan Kiszka, Benjamin Redelings, Christopher  Haney,
       Ryan  Durk,  Ralf  Beyer,  Scott Hansen, Alan Evans for the valued contributions and to Theodore Ts’o whose re-
       size2fs(8) man page originally formed the basis of this page.

AVAILABILITY
       ntfsresize is part of the ntfsprogs package and is available from:
       http://www.linux-ntfs.org/content/view/19/37

       The manual pages are available online at:
       http://man.linux-ntfs.org/

       Ntfsresize related news, example of usage, troubleshooting, statically linked binary and FAQ (frequently  asked
       questions) are maintained at:
       http://mlf.linux.rulez.org/mlf/ezaz/ntfsresize.html

SEE ALSO
       fdisk(8), cfdisk(8), sfdisk(8), parted(8), evms(8), ntfsclone(8), mkntfs(8), ntfsprogs(8)

ntfsprogs 1.13.1                 February 2006                   NTFSRESIZE(8)

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