Information Security

Backtrack 4: Information Gathering: Route: 0trace – Traceroute Firewall Bypass Tool

This is the first in a series of Backtrack 4 articles I will be writing regarding the tools available within Backtrack 4. I am fairly new to Backtrack so please comment, teach me, ask questions, or whatever you prefer in the comments section below. I am going to try to go down the list of every single Backtrack 4 tool and write a complete description including instructions on how to use the tools. This first article is on 0trace ( which allows you to perform a traceroute from within an established TCP connection such as HTTP which will be demonstrated below.

Technology Insights

DDWRT – What do the PPTP Settings for MPPE no40 and no56 Mean?

MPPE stands for Microsoft Point to Point Encryption. MPPE is used to encrypt data traveling over a PPTP, or Point to Point Tunneling Protocol, connection.

When setting up a PPTP connection using DD-WRT firmware on your router there is a blank field to configure MPPE Encryption options in the VPN/PPTP setup. By default the text “mppe required” is typed into this field. You can add a couple other options which include no40, no56, and stateful or stateless. Descriptions of these options are listed below.